The Convention on Biological Diversity is one of two conventions signed at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) in 1992; the other convention being the Climate Change Convention.

The Convention on Biological Diversity constitutes a historic commitment: it is the first treaty concluded at the global level which addresses in a way all aspects of biological diversity, i.e. not only the protection of species but also that of ecosystems and genetic heritage, as well as the sustainable use of natural resources. Finally, the Convention is also the first to recognize that the conservation of biological diversity is "a common concern of mankind" and is an integral part of sustainable socio-economic development.

Some landmarks on the Convention:

  • Opening for signature at the "Earth Summit", in Rio, on June 5, 1992.
  • Entered into force on December 29, 1993, 90 days after the 30th ratification.
  • Signatory countries: 188 countries, including the Union of the Comoros.

See also:


URLs   CBD, Article 18-3
URLs The text of the Convention in English
URLs The text of the Convention in French
URLs Convention portal site
URLs All you want to know about the Convention: frequently asked questions.